Recollection and Familiarity in Memory
You are being invited to consider taking part in the research study Recollection and Familiarity in Memory. This project is being led by Dr Helen Williams (Lecturer in Psychology). Before you decide whether or not you wish to take part, it is important for you to understand why this research is being done and what it will involve. Please take time to read this information carefully.
Aims of the Research:
This research stems from our interest in people’s awareness of their own memory abilities for different memory tasks. This research will enable us to better understand basic cognitive processes and people’s subjective experiences and confidence in their memory.
Do I have to take part?
You are free to decide whether you wish to take part or not. If you do decide to take part you will be asked to indicate your consent below. While completing the experiment you can choose to exit the experiment without giving a reason and any data entered will be deleted and not analyzed. However, once you have completed the experiment and submitted your responses online your data will be anonymized and you will be unable to withdraw your data from the experiment.
What will happen if I take part?
This study is completed entirely online. In the experiment you will take a memory test where you will be asked to recognize items such as words, names, pictures, faces, and/or line drawings. In the memory task you will be asked to make some judgments or ratings about the items that you recognize; for example, you may be asked to rate your level of recollection or confidence about your recognition decision. The particular judgment or rating you will be asked to make will differ depending on the experimental condition you are randomly assigned to by the computer programme. You will also be asked to complete some other quick tasks (e.g., sums, pattern comparisons, mental rotation tasks) during the study. Full instructions for each task will be shown on the screen during the study.
What are the benefits and risks (if any) of taking part?
Completing this experiment should take 30 minutes (maximum). Keele School of Psychology Undergraduate students will be compensated 30 Research Participation Time (RPT) credits and Keele SU volunteers will be compensated 30 minutes volunteering time for taking part in this experiment. Participating in a study like this is a bit like taking a test, so it is possible that some individuals may find the experience mildly stressful, and it's possible that you might feel self-conscious about your performance. Please be assured, we also have to make the tasks relatively difficult so that participants do not get all the answers correct – otherwise we have no differences to analyze and cannot test our hypotheses. You may find participation is beneficial and interesting as it may make you think about your own memory processes in different ways and understand your awareness of your own memory better.
Who will have access to information about me?
The only personal information this experiment will ask for is your age, sex, and whether English is your first language. You will not be asked for any information that would be able to identify you. Your data will remain completely confidential and will be given a unique anonymous ID code by the computer programme. Data will be stored electronically and only Dr Helen Williams and their collaborators (Prof Stephen Lindsay, University of Victoria, and Prof Glen Bodner, University of Calgary) and research assistants will have access to the study data.
How will information about me be used?
Individual results will never be reported; only group data will be analyzed. The results of this study will be presented at academic conferences and in academic journal articles. Your age and gender will be used to provide research outlets with population data related to the study (e.g., a publication containing your data might state “There were 156 participants [75 male] in this study, with a mean age of 24.2 years”).
Data will be stored electronically by the researchers indefinitely for the purposes of future analysis. The data collected for all participants will be posted online in a professional repository such as https://github.com/. Researchers in psychology are being encouraged to make their data “Open”, so that other researchers can check the accuracy of published analytical findings independently, ensuring our research is reproducible and verifiable.
The data posted online will consist of a database containing non-sensitive, non-identifiable, information. For example, the database may contain only participant numbers, tags for experimental conditions (independent variables), and raw response and accuracy scores. It is a requirement of the American Psychological Association – a governing body who sets standards across a wide range of psychological journals – that authors allow their data to be accessed by independent researchers. For more information, see https://osf.io/ and https://osf.io/vmrgu/.
Who is funding and organizing the research?
Research led by Dr Helen Williams and collaborators is supported by by the Economic and Social Research Council of the UK, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the School of Psychology and the Faculty of Natural Sciences at Keele University.
What if there is a problem?
If you have a concern about any aspect of this study, you may wish to speak to the researcher who will do their best to answer your questions. You should contact Dr Helen Williams on email@example.com. Alternatively, if you do not wish to contact the researcher(s) you may contact the School of Psychology Research Director, Prof Nicky Edelstyn, on firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you remain unhappy about the research and/or wish to raise a complaint about any aspect of the way that you have been approached or treated during the course of the study please write to Nicola Leighton who is the University’s contact for complaints regarding research at the following address:-
Nicola Leighton,Research Governance Officer, Directorate of Engagement and Partnerships,IC2 Building, Keele University,ST5 5NHE-mail: email@example.comTel: +44 (0)1782 733306
Name and contact details of Principal Investigator: Dr Helen Williams, firstname.lastname@example.org
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